This is pretty easy to do with

`numpy`

and `Image`

(PIL):import numpy

import Image

pix = numpy.array( img.getdata() )

for i in xrange(0,pix.size):

if pix[i] < 235: pix[i] = 0 else: pix[i] = 255 img_out.putdata( pix )

Of course the histogram shape will depend on how much noise and how many edges are in the particular picture. This one had black dials on a white background, and not much noise so thresholding is a pretty fruitful strategy for really pulling out the edges.

You can make an intuitive argument that gradient magnitude distributions will have roughly similar shapes to that shown above. Especially as image resolutions steadily increase, the vast majority of pixels will not be on an edge. Sort of the curse of dimensionality in reverse, I guess that makes it a blessing.

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